Smart-Dating in Speed-Dating: How a Simple Search Model Can Explain Matching Decisions
When women were assigned to the traditionally male role of approaching potential romantic partners, they were not any pickier than men in choosing that special someone to date, according to the speed dating study. That finding, of course, is contrary to well established evolutionary explanations about mate selection. An abundance of such research suggests that women are influenced by higher reproductive costs bearing and raising children than men and thus are much choosier when it comes to love interests.
The new study is the latest research of two Northwestern psychologists whose well-reported work on speed dating offers unparalleled opportunities for studying romantic attraction in action. Deviating from standard speed-dating experiments – and from the typical conventions at professional speed-dating events — women in the study were required to go from man to man during their four-minute speed dates half the time, rather than always staying put.
Eastwick and Eli J. Finkel of Northwestern University research on speed dating revealed preferences regarding “hypothetical partners” considerably changed after.
Edward Royzman, a psychology professor at the University of Pennsylvania, asks me to list four qualities on a piece of paper: physical attractiveness, income, kindness, and fidelity. The more I allocate to each attribute, the more highly I supposedly value that quality in a mate. This experiment, which Royzman sometimes runs with his college classes, is meant to inject scarcity into hypothetical dating decisions in order to force people to prioritize.
I think for a second, and then I write equal amounts 70 next to both hotness and kindness, then 40 next to income and 20 next to fidelity. Usually women allocate more to fidelity and less to physical attractiveness. Maybe you think fidelity is something people can cultivate over time? Royzman said that among his students not in a clinical condition , men tend to spend much more on physical attractiveness, and women spend more on social attractiveness traits like kindness and intelligence.
Men and women make mating decisions very differently, he speculates. Tinder dispenses with the idea that it takes a mutual love of pho or Fleet Foxes to create a spark; instead, users of the phone app swipe through the photos of potential mates and message the ones they like. This more superficial breed of dating sites is capitalizing on a clear trend. Only 36 percent of adults say marriage is one of the most important things in life, according to a Pew study , and only 28 percent say there is one true love for every person men are more likely to say so than women.
Online dating sucks because of the algorithms not the people
The “similarity-attraction” effect stands as one of the most well-known findings in social psychology. However, some research contends that perceived but not actual similarity influences attraction. The current study is the first to examine the effects of actual and perceived similarity simultaneously during a face-to-face initial romantic encounter. Actual and perceived similarity for each pair were calculated from questionnaire responses assessed before the event and after each date.
Data revealed that perceived, but not actual, similarity significantly predicted romantic liking in this speed-dating context.
Paul W. Eastwick,1 Eli J. Finkel,1 Daniel Mochon,2 and Dan Ariely2 speed-dating sessions for undergraduate students (75 fe- male; mean age
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Speed dating in mo
You’ve read 1 of 2 free monthly articles. Learn More. For as long as she could remember, she found academics a breeze. They talked about where they were from she hailed from Iowa, he from New Jersey , life in a small town, and the transition to college. An eavesdropper would have been hard-pressed to detect a romantic spark in this banal back-and-forth.
that speed-dating serves as a new option for individuals eager to meet potential romantic. Eli J. Finkel, Department of Psychology, Northwestern. University; Paul.
The dating world has radically transformed over the last few decades. Combine advances in technology with radical changes in social roles and a rise in non-traditional relationships and sexual preferences, and you end up with a pretty confusing dating environment. Eli Finkel joins the Curiosity Podcast to discuss everything from the psychology of attraction to Tinder to pickup artists — and everything in-between. Fall in love with his sources.
Who we desire is driven by powerful evolutionary forces, but while most of us are drawn to looks first whether or not we admit it , human attraction is far more complex than it appears at first sight. Why get married? That’s a question many Americans are asking these days – with rates of people tying the knot lower now than any time in U. And even those who do get hitched are waiting longer, with average marriage ages up for both sexes. With the Ashley Madison scandal spotlighting the challenges facing marriage in the digital age, new research is shedding light on how to have a long and happy relationship.
Tips include keeping the lines of communication open and managing expectations. And yet thinking of marriage as the ultimate BFF-ship potentially comes with its own set of problems, setting some lofty expectations for the relationship. Eli Finkel has a theory on marriage. Who doesn’t, right?
I think I love you
Note: Below are some responses to frequently asked questions that have been posed to us by students, reviewers, and interested scholars. Of course, our responses reflect our views on the state of the field at this moment in time; they will be updated as new data become available. Please don’t hesitate to email us if we can clarify anything further!
Typically, researchers operationalize ideals with respect to traits, such as attractiveness or warmth or extraversion. I might say that I want a partner who is especially extraverted, whereas you might say you want a partner who is not especially extraverted. Answering this question typically requires measures of all three constructs, which we refer to as the ideal, the trait, and the evaluation, respectively.
Eli Finkel, a social psychologist at Northwestern University, is one of five on which Paul Eastwick and I were co-authors, used speed-dating.
Speed daters who romantically desired most of their potential partners were rejected quickly and overwhelmingly, according to a new Northwestern University study. Conventional wisdom has long taught that one of the best ways to get someone to like you is to make it clear that you like them. Now researchers have discovered that this law of reciprocity is in dire need of an asterisk in the domain of romantic attraction.
To explore dynamics in the opening minutes of romantic attraction, researchers set up seven speed-dating sessions for students. Credit: Northwestern University. The more you tend to experience romantic desire for all the potential romantic partners you meet, the study shows, the less likely it is that they will desire you in return. Think too desperate, too indiscriminate. In contrast, when you desire a potential partner above and beyond your other options, only then is your desire likely to be reciprocated.
Think hallelujah, finally, someone really gets me. In the past, social psychologists have had a difficult time observing initial romantic attraction in action, but the speed-dating methodology used in this study allowed the investigators to take a serious look at the chemistry that has been at the center of so much literature, art and imagination throughout the ages.
A Psychologist’s Guide to Online Dating
Eli Finkel, a social psychologist at Northwestern University, is one of five authors on a new study published in the February issue of Psychological Science in the Public Interest. We invited our Facebook and Twitter followers to submit their questions on love, relationships and online dating to Finkel. Here is the first part of his response. Stay tuned for Part 2 later this week! If you and your better half filled out online dating questionnaires, is it possible that you might not even be matched on an online dating site?
That is not only possible, but likely.
Eli Finkel – Northwestern University. Chin Ming Hui Matthews, ; Eastwick and Finkel, ); the speed dating environment has the valu- able property.
Dating websites often claim attraction between two people can be predicted from the right combination of traits and preferences, but a new study casts doubt on that assertion. The study, which used speed dating data, found a computer could predict who is desirable and how much someone would desire others — who’s hot and who’s not — but it could not unravel the mystery of unique desire for a specific person.
There is a shared experience that happens when you meet someone that can’t be predicted beforehand. The study, “Is Romantic Desire Predictable? Co-authors on the paper are Paul W. The researchers used data from two samples of speed daters, who filled out questionnaires about more than traits and preferences and then met in a series of four-minute dates.
You say you don’t care about dating a hottie?
Stating that you don’t care if you land a partner who is “hot” or “sexy” is relatively commonplace. But what people say they want and what they actually want are often two very different things when it comes to romantic attraction. However, a new methodology that measures people’s implicit, split-second responses gets around this problem. Now we can get under the hood with this quirky methodology to see what people actually prefer in live-interaction settings. Paul W. Focused on physical attractiveness , the implicit measure in this study was based on reaction times to various words flashed in the middle of a computer screen.
Monday, April 12, Movin and Groovin: Do you want to be a rotator or a sitter? In this post, I want to highlight another study by these two social psychologists. Here is the journal reference, but you might have trouble finding it if you want to read the whole thing. Finkel, E. Psychological Science, 20, — Finkel and Eastwick have done a number of fascinating studies using speed-dating methods. In the study referenced above, they tested if the mere fact of being the one approaching others impacts how attracted you are to others.
In speed-dating, there are rotators and sitters. The sitters sit still while the rotators move every minute or two to the next person they get to meet for a minute or two. Historically, men are almost always chosen to rotate and women are chosen to be the sitters. Men get to move and women get to wait for men to come to them. One more detail.
Q & A With Eli Finkel – The Science Behind Online Dating (Part 1)
Maanvi Singh. Trying to find a date on Tinder feels a bit like playing a video game. You quickly browse through photos on your phone.
Get audio of Eli Finkel and Paul Eastwick on Selectivity in Speed Dating here. “Selective vs. Unselective Romantic Desire: Not All Reciprocity is Created Equal,”.
Technically, she was “dating. Barely an hour before, she had produced a saliva sample-not exactly a sexy exercise–so researchers could analyze her hormone levels. The whole evening of romantic possibility had been set up as a science experiment. Kokkinos had arrived at last November’s event straight from work, rushing to fix her makeup so she didn’t look tired, and wearing nice jeans and a top that was tight, but not revealing. The primping was less to impress the guys than to make her feel desirable.
Five months after a breakup and weeks from graduation, Kokkinos was single and content. A night of so-called speed dating seemed a lark, a way to find out who might come out of the woodwork at a university with a barren dating scene. She’d been intrigued by the experiments after taking a psychology class as a sophomore with NU Professor Eli Finkel, who was both the night’s lead researcher and its emcee.
Kokkinos arrived at Eric Acinich’s table. Though each considered the other among the best-looking participants in the room, the date did not begin smoothly. After introductions, she said the first thing that popped into her head: She’d dated another Eric for a year and a half, and everyone thought they were brother and sister.